Most people rarely think about their eyes until the day comes when the newspaper has to be held farther away to be read. A decrease in vision as we age is normal, but there are many other problems that can causes vision decrease early and impair eye health. Some of those problems can be avoided with foresight and preventative measures to help maintain healthy eyes for life.
Wear Sunglasses When Outdoors
The sun’s UVA and UVB rays can damage eyes just like it damages skin. The cornea of the eye can be sunburned when eyes are not protected from directed sunlight with sunglasses. Fortunately, a sunburned cornea is usually reversible, but there is also cumulative sun damage that occurs to the eyes with sun exposure over time that is not as easy to reverse, like cataracts.
Wearing sunglasses when outdoors will prevent sun damage to the eyes and help maintain eye health. For those who wear prescription corrective lens, lenses such as transition, which automatically darken when exposed to sunlight, will protect the eyes from UVA and UVB rays. Contact lens are also available with UV protection.
Add Antioxidant Rich Foods To Diet
Antioxidant rich foods, especially those rich in lutein and omega-3 fatty acids, keep eyes healthy by protecting the eyes from age-related eye disorders like cataracts and macular degeneration. Macular degeneration is the major cause of blindness in people aged 50 and above.
Foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids are nuts and fatty fish like salmon. Lutein rich foods the dark green vegetables like spinach, broccoli, peas and kale.
Adding a small daily amount (a quarter of a cup) of antioxidant rich foods to a daily diet will help keep eyes healthy for life.
Take a 20/20 Eye Break
Avoid eye strain and dry eyes when working on the computer or doing other up-close work by taking an eye break every 20 minutes. Stop the up-close work every 20 minutes and look at an object 20 feet away for 20 seconds.
See An Optometrist
Barring any earlier eye problems, by age 40 it’s time to see an optometrist for a baseline eye exam, even if there has been no change in vision. After a baseline eye exam, follow up eye exams are usually recommended every couple of years. This allows the optometrist to detect an early signs of eye problems for easier treatment.
Eyes are meant to last a lifetime. Keeping eyes healthy for life does require a little foresight by eating foods rich in antioxidants and wearing sunglasses to protect eye health, taking frequent eye breaks and seeing an optometrist.